Excessive bleeding can be a frightening occurrence. However, awareness and training in proper first-aid procedures can help one cope with significant and even life-threatening injury. The following information can prove essential in emergency circumstances, for both the injured party and worried bystanders.
How to Stop Bleeding When an Injury Occurs
The first step to control bleeding requires applying direct pressure to the wound. This should be done with a clean cloth or gauze to avoid later infection. This cloth should be kept in place even if it becomes saturated. In this case, additional cloth or gauze can be applied over the first. Wounds on the extremities, such as on the legs or arms, should be elevated above the heart in order to slow bleeding.
It’s also important to wash hands thoroughly after treatment; even a small amount of blood can present a health risk. It is equally important, once bleeding has been staunched, to thoroughly clean areas affected by blood in order to maintain a safe environment.
How to Properly Clean a Wound
With all wounds, it is important to keep the injury clean. If the wound is small, this means rinsing the wound with soap and hot water, and then dressing with a fresh, sterile bandage. All bandages should be changed daily, and a topical antibiotic cream can be applied to help reduce risk of infection. A physician or nurse practitioner can provide more detailed advice, and suggest any follow up, if needed.
No matter how large or small the wound, medical treatment should be sought if it appears that the wound is infected. Symptoms of infection include redness, discharge at the site of the injury, or fever. Facial wounds are at an elevated risk of infection, as are wounds that are jagged or gaping. Additionally, a tetanus shot may be required for puncture wounds, especially for those going 5 years or more without having received one.
When Immediate Emergency Treatment Is Required
Some injuries call for immediate attention from emergency personnel. This includes the following scenarios:
• Bleeding is especially severe (i.e. bleeding continues after ten minutes of firm pressure)
• Blood is spurting out of the wound
• Symptoms indicate internal bleeding
• Wounds located in the abdominal or chest are
Cleaning Blood Spills Is Crucial
Returning the home (and the injured person) to health is the primary focus of everyone involved. Blood cleanup is critical to avoid the potential risk of serious illness stemming from bloodborne pathogens. Professional technicians can help reduce health risks by effectively ridding the home of dangerous blood and other bio, while also saving the family time and avoid additional stress. The blood cleanup specialists at Aftermath Services advise that if the blood spill is larger than a dinner plate in size, or if it occurs in a public setting like a retail store, government property, or other public establishment, it is better to leave cleanup to experienced blood cleaners. Contact Aftermath at 877-872-4339 for immediate assistance.